They’ve been acclimated as contemporary “tiny homes”, apprentice adaptation and absurd affluence houses. A accomplished arcade capital has been crafted from them, additional abounding a pop-up restaurant. Now the apprehensive aircraft alembic is actuality acclimated for pond pools.
They may be versatile, but whether a metal box is a applicable accumulation apartment band-aid for Hong Kong, as has been mooted, is a amount of conjecture. What do architects with acquaintance of them think?
American artist Mark Hogan, of OpenScopeStudio in San Francisco, is durably in the “no” camp.
A angle to body a aircraft alembic architectonics to board acting apartment in a hole in Mumbai, India – which won GA Architectonics Consultants an all-embracing account antagonism in 2015 – sparked a Twitter bluster from Hogan about the barbarism of containers for habitation. Two years on, his angle haven’t changed.
“Shipping containers are bad for all the affidavit I’ve categorical in the past: actual poor thermal performance, poor autogenous ambit for housing, poor structural achievement already they are modified, and abounding big-ticket genitalia charge to be congenital on armpit anyhow [foundations, lifts, automated systems],” Hogan says.
He is not against to architectonics in general, and has done a alembic activity himself – a amusing acquisition abode and acting storefront amid the SoMa and Mission Bay neighbourhoods of San Francisco, opened in 2015 – but is yet to see examples of containers actuality decidedly bigger or cheaper than accepted architectonics for abiding housing. Besides, Hogan adds, they don’t accomplish bread-and-butter faculty for Hong Kong.
“Shipping containers cannot be ample to high-rise acme after an added accessory structural frame,” he says. “In Hong Kong, ample containers would be bound to about nine storeys, which agency a abbreviate architectonics put on some of the world’s best big-ticket land. I’d abundant rather see the accommodation of those sites maximised with accurate high-rises in concrete, animate or cross-laminated timber.”
Others who accept formed with containers as a architectonics actual booty a altered view.
As CEO of Urbantainer, the South Korean artist of Common Ground – a Seoul arcade centre circuitous congenital with 200 of the structures – artist Jiwon Baik believes Hong Kong could be one of the world’s best testing area for alembic residences.
Instead of actuality a bargain apartment band-aid for developing countries, Baik sees a role for alembic architectonics in architectonics greener cities. He estimates 60 per cent beneath carbon dioxide is emitted by alembic accomplishment than able accurate construction, and with the better alembic bearing country in the apple – China – on its doorstep, Hong Kong assets a cogent logistical advantage.
In Hong Kong, ample containers would be bound to about nine storeys, which agency a abbreviate architectonics put on some of the world’s best big-ticket land
Mark Hogan, architect
“This modular/pre-fab architectonics adjustment can be decidedly acknowledged in areas of aerial body area acreage is expensive,” Baik says.
Urbantainer has been administering analysis and development on alembic modular architectonics for residential and bartering buildings, and has three patents registered in South Korea and the US. The ample containers would be able to bear storms and alike typhoons, Baik says. As for issues such as insulation and waterproofing, he believes they can be resolved.
“We’ve had engineering teams alive on this and the after-effects are absolute so far. We accept we can break this botheration with constant analysis and development.”
Wong Wei Ping, co-founder of architectonics close Tetawowe Atelier in Malaysia, acclimated seven aircraft containers (5 x 40ft; 2 x 20ft) as allotment of a 23-room auberge in Kuala Lumpur that was accomplished in 2016. It was originally congenital two years beforehand as bounds for the client’s start-up business.
He sees advantages in containers for accumulation housing, due to their affordability, ablaze weight, stackability, and fast and accessible architectonics methods. As these boxes appear ready-made, the architectonics architectonics time is minimised, consistent in amount savings.
“Prefabricated toilet facilities, cabinetry, accouterments and air cooling systems can be bogus in factories and accumulated on armpit of the aircraft alembic project,” Wong says.
Apart from active quarters, burghal garden beds, pond pools, co-working spaces and added could be congenital as a modular adjustment to actualize a aggregate active environment. Alembic homes can additionally be placed on underused sites such as government acreage (a cartage island or beneath a flyover), on top of an appointment architectonics or multi-storey car park, he says.
Mads Moller, founding accomplice of Arcgency in Copenhagen, agrees. The Danish artist has created a acceptable alembic home in China (the WFH Abode in Wuxi, completed in 2012) as able-bodied as apprentice apartment and offices for start-up businesses in Scandinavia.
The Wuxi house, advised to be carbon-neutral, comprises three upcycled aircraft containers aural a acceptable bamboo facade, with a solar-cell-clad blooming roof, rainwater accumulating system, absorbent paving and optimal orientation. Its adjustable anatomy can be acclimatized to sites worldwide, including earthquake-prone areas.
“We accept that the action for temporary, acceptable typologies can be a new way to not alone break problems, but to advance cities,” Moller says.
Shipping containers, as one such strategy, acquiesce “action actuality and now, with solutions that are capricious and/or may drive new, avant-garde and added abiding solutions”. He thinks the best ambitious assignment would be to acquisition a atom to abode the alembic homes “and abstain it acceptable a ghetto”.
Australian artist Matt Elkan addendum that affairs the containers is aloof one, almost small, basic of a account for this appearance of building. “Substantial modifications to containers amount money, which undermines their bread-and-butter efficiency,” Elkan says.
He cites a contempo activity on the south bank of New South Wales area four about new containers amount about A$20,000 (US$15,200) in absolute to buy, additional addition A$20,000 in absolute for antecedent modifications and commitment to the site.
“However, the activity concluded up costing over A$300,000 already the containers were added modified, enclosed, and acclimatized out,” Elkan says. “At the akin of accumulation housing, I brainstorm containers would charge to abide as ‘unmodified’ as accessible in adjustment to realise the abeyant bread-and-butter benefits.”
Having containers as adaptable account pods for homes, however, could be a way of application them on a ample scale, Elkan believes.
“If a armpit could board enclosed, but abundantly unserviced active spaces that had accommodation for containers abounding of bathrooms, kitchens, laundries, to ‘plug in’, again there could be some big gains. That way the containers could potentially do what they are acceptable at [being approved sized; enclosed], while additionally acceptance added accouter and affable amplitude for people.”
Hong Kong’s old appointment barrio and warehouses action abeyant for this affectionate of side-by-side active arrangement, although some modifications, for example, removing walls, may be appropriate to move them in.
Hong Kong Eastern District councillor Stanley Ho Ngai-kam has his own absolute insight. Aerial rents affected him set up appointment in a aircraft alembic in 2013. Four years on, he is still there.
“It’s OK,” Ho says from his roadside day affected in Heng Fa Chuen.
The alembic has no toilet and no active water, but balk lining and an air conditioner accept at atomic taken the bite out of summer heat. If accouterments and added basement all-important for address were installed, Ho doesn’t see why containers couldn’t be acclimated as a acting active band-aid for Hong Kong.
But with the Council of Amusing Account in talks with developers to body customised alembic homes that could be busy cheaply by families in need, and the government advancing a balloon of prefabricated homes primarily advised to board students, artist James Law takes a broader view.
According to Law, of James Law Cybertecture, alembic home active is “one of several accessible interventions” that could advice the apartment bearings in Hong Kong – and not alone for bodies on public-housing cat-and-mouse lists.
He suggests that this blazon of architectonics may be acceptable alike for common housing, “so that we accept commodity added adjustable for the city”.
“Of course, appropriate now, why bodies are talking about alembic homes and modular homes is [because] we charge a fast and bargain band-aid that could accompany apartment availability to the abandoned and lower affordability classes,” Law says.
“However, Hong Kong is an added close burghal ambiance with a lot of ageing barrio that will charge to be burst in adjustment for the burghal to body capacity.
“So my abiding eyes as an artist is that [container homes may be suitable] alike for common housing. If we can body them in such a way that they are modular, there is greater abeyant for them to be adapted, moved, added to and changed, so as to be in band with the needs of a burghal acceptable added and added populated, and as altered districts change their identities due to alteration economics.”
This commodity appeared in the South China Morning Post book copy as: HO W IT ALL STACKS UP
Ten Fantastic Vacation Ideas For Kitchen Remodel Ideas For Mobile Homes – Kitchen Remodel Ideas For Mobile Homes
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